lunes, 5 de enero de 2015

Galápagos Islands flora and fauna

Introduction


I would like to keep my speech on the Galápagos Islands. The Galápagos Islands are in the Pacific and are very special because there are animal and plant life found nowhere else in the world. When I grow up I would like to visit the Islands once am.


Table Of Contents

• General
• Animals and plants
• Birds
• Reptiles
• Shellfish and fish
• Closing Remarks

1. General


Galápagos is the name of a group of islands in the Pacific. They belong to the South American country Ecuador. Galápagos is a Spanish word meaning "giant turtle". The Galápagos Islands count 13 large islands and 150 smaller islands. The highest point of the Galápagos is 1402 metres. The Galápagos Islands were formed by large volcanic eruptions two million years ago. The volcanoes are still not worked out. The Islands are located near the equator. Normally it than warm and tropical, but by the influence of ocean currents there are large seasonal variation. From June to december blows the often hard and the temperature not much higher than 18 and 20 degrees. From January to may the temperatures lie between 24 and 28 degrees. It rains a lot in september and October. There are approximately six thousand people on the Islands. The Galapagos Islands are known as a real natural paradise. You will find many unique species. Most animals are very very tame because they never have known natural enemies. You can so close to the animals come close.



The most famous animals of the Galápagos are:

• the Galapagos giant tortoises
• the marine iguana
• the Galápagos-Albatros
• the frigatebird


2. animals and plants


What nature is concerned, on the Galápagos everything else than anywhere else in the world. Birds go sit on your shoulder and young sea lions like to play with swimmers. The animals are quite tame. They are not afraid of people and have few enemies. There have never been large land predators and venomous snakes exist on the Galápagos.

By the drought and infertile soil come there but few plants species. Especially the young Islands are not so covered. Along the coast you will find mangrove forests and inland vast savannas. In some places there are also deciduous forests with ferns and cactus forests to find. Maybe you would expect here also palm trees grow but this bowl you not against it. I am now going to introduce a number of animals.


A. Birds


On the Galapagos comes some special birds for.

The cormorant can fly all over the world. Except on the Galápagos Islands. The Galápagos-Cormorant has a small wings to fly. But he can be fine swimming and fishing. The largest seabird of the Galápagos Islands is the albatross with a wingspan of nearly two and a half feet. The big pink flamingos live in large groups and can be 1 meter 20 great with a wingspan of more than one and a half meters. The flamingo is not tame. It is thought that this is because they prevent not so long on the Islands. The frigate bird can fly quite well but not good takeoff and landing. Because he of fish lives he must steal its prey of other birds. He teases that bird until these are newly caught fish is released. Gannets are large seabirds. There are several types of gannets. With blue feet, with red feet and masked. The different species live in groups together. Special is that the females can carry an egg between the membranes to go to another place to go. The Galápagos-penguins are small and are often no larger than 50 inches. Instead of black feathers they have brown feathers on their backs. They "talk" to each other, this sound is a little like barking. The most common birds are the famous Darwin finches. There are thirteen species that probably all of one kind of descended.


B. Reptiles


The iguanas on the Galapagos Islands from prehistoric look. They are with the thousands side by side on the black rocks. Normally they can not swim but on the Galápagos Islands though. They dive into the sea and eat seaweed. If they are angry or afraid they go ' sniffing '. They spray than a beam sea water through the nostrils in the direction of the danger. They seem than just fire-breathing dragons. The giant tortoise threatened with extinction by the centuries-long hunt for the animal. The Islands are named to these animals. There are still about 15 thousand animals, most of them in reserves. They can be up to one and a half metres high and 250 kilos. Of all animals on the world are the giant tortoises the oldest. They can be more than 100 years old. The turtles are not the same on each island. Where they can eat grass and other low plants, they have a short neck. In dry areas, there is a food from high cacti. The turtles have a long neck.


Moar info: Travel to the Galapagos Islands on a cruise

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